There are currently more than 200,000 individuals in the United States on a waiting list for an organ transplant, and nearly 100 are under 1 year of age. In the first study to look at the potential for organ donation from dying infants in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) setting, Harvard researchers from Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH), Children’s Hospital Boston, and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center demonstrated that an estimated 8 percent of NICU mortalities would be eligible for organ donation after cardiac death.“A key motivation behind this study was our inability to act, under current guidelines, on the direct requests from parents faced with the loss of their newborn, who turned to us wanting their child to be an organ donor,” said Richard Parad, a neonatologist in the Newborn Medicine Department at BWH and associate professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School (HMS). Parad explained that some parents want their child to be an organ donor to help create at least one positive outcome from their tragic loss.Currently, infants and young children in need of an organ transplant may only receive an organ from an older child, or part of an organ from an adult. In addition to the challenge of making a larger organ fit in a smaller infant body, demand is currently in excess of supply for these adult organs.The researchers conducted a retrospective study, looking at all infant deaths at three academic medical center Neonatal Intensive Care Units between 2005 and 2007. They determined eligible donors based on criteria developed with transplantation surgeons and the New England Organ Bank. Out of 192 deaths, based on time of death after being taken off life support, they estimated that 14 livers, 18 kidneys, and 10 hearts might have been made available for transplantation.“As the first study to address this sensitive subject, our main objective was to provide data regarding the availability of infant donors. Further investigation into this potential falls to those in the fields of transplant medicine and ethics. We feel we owe it to the families who request organ donation to be part of the conversation by investigating the size of the potential donor population,” said study co-author Anne Hansen of Children’s Hospital Boston. Hansen is an assistant professor of pediatrics at HMS.Study authors also include Michelle Labrecque of Children’s Hospital Boston and Munish Gupta of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and HMS.
Love is hard, and Edison Miyawaki knows it. He wrote the book on it.The insomniac neurologist, who practices at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and teaches at Harvard Medical School, stayed awake many late nights pondering love and its complexities for his latest book, “What to Read on Love, Not Sex: Freud, Fiction, and the Articulation of Truth in Modern Psychological Science.”Don’t be fooled by the winding title, or the presence of Sigmund Freud, says Miyawaki. This is a book for anyone “trying to find the right language to frame very complicated emotion.”An English major while studying at Yale, Miyawaki, a Honolulu native, eventually migrated toward the sciences, but not without falling head over heels for literature. Literature “never leaves you,” said Miyawaki. “One might say it haunts you.”It’s literature — not science — that informs his outlook on love, as with Freud. “The problem I have with Freud as a theory is that it doesn’t suffice to say that we harbor these incestuous wishes about our mother and father. I understand that’s part of the Freudian project, but it’s the 21st century and things are moving on,” said Miyawaki, who argues instead that Freud’s contemporary value lies in his deep reading of the canon.“As fancy as we get in our science, there’s something about the language of imaginative writing that speaks, and resounds more clearly, and is true in a human way,” he said. “My indebtedness is to Freud as a thinker, not a person whose theories are going to apply in patients.”But love is hard — even Freud said so — and Miyawaki says he’s spot-on about that.“One of the big issues in the book is a concept of love as difficulty,” explained Miyawaki. “If we go through our lives thinking that love needs to be a swept-off-your-feet kind of love, like Romeo and Juliet in the first springs of passion, that’s slightly delusional. Love doesn’t always persist that way. And ask anybody what’s the secret in a marriage that’s lasted for a while, and the secret is the work involved in it.”Beneficial insight into the pains and pleasures of love, and life, comes as a result of personal introspection, contends Miyawaki, which in turn arrives, in part, with well-roundedness in literature and the arts.Freud believed love to be a recapitulation of one’s childhood, a memory that unfolds in how our relationships unfold. He was fascinated by Sophocles’ “Oedipus,” Shakespeare’s “Hamlet” and “King Lear,” and reveled in these works’ coupling of love with tragedy — tragedy, defined not by bad outcomes, “but tragedy in the Sophoclean sense — the idea that a person has some characteristic that plays itself out inexorably,” Miyawaki said.“Why do we end up dating or marrying a rock singer, as opposed to a classical musician, as opposed to God knows what? There are reasons for that, and those reasons can be revealed, one hopes, through introspection.“Understanding yourself is the task of love, because it’s incredibly hard, impossibly impossible, to truly understand another person. The nature of that impossibility isn’t couched in any kind of pessimism, it’s just one of the beauties of interaction. In love, we almost move from one misunderstanding to another, but at the end of the day, one of the great things about the emotion of love is that it’s OK. It’s OK to have mixed feelings.”At the end of “What to Read on Love, Not Sex,” Miyawaki calls upon the poet Rainer Maria Rilke, who said that “there is scarcely anything more difficult than to love one another … it is work, day labor, day labor, God knows there is no other word for it.”Miyawaki agrees. “Rilke’s not being pessimistic. He’s not being dour. He’s being realistic. It would make your love life and my love life easier if we didn’t entertain notions that love should be a certain way. Life should be a certain way, but it’s not. How do we deal with that difficulty? That’s the essence of the book. Love as difficulty, as memory, as a human innovation, that we learn by what we read most deeply, in a lifelong exercise.”
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享From the Missoulian (Montana):Montana is home to one of the top 10 emitters of greenhouse gases in the nation. The coal-fired power plant at Colstrip is by far the largest industrial source of greenhouse gases in Montana, according to data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.Nevertheless, thanks to the EPA’s Clean Power Plan, Montana was finally on its way to charting a course for cleaner energy. In the past few years the state had put together a blueprint of sorts for complying with the plan, and earlier this year Gov. Steve Bullock announced the members of a 27-member advisory council charged with making recommendations on how to cut carbon pollution in the most environmentally effective, least economically damaging way possible.Then the Clean Power Plan got tangled up in the courts, coal began a steady global collapse and Montana’s leaders seemingly abandoned efforts to help mitigate climate change in order to focus their attention on saving the Colstrip power plant.Montana’s state and federal leaders have been spending a great deal of time talking about how to keep Colstrip viable. Bullock is even taking steps to put together a working group addressing Colstrip’s future.They are taking this train in the wrong direction. Regardless of how the Clean Power Plan plays out in court, Montana must get back on track. It must not commit public resources to propping up an industry that damages public health. Montanans must remind our governor and congressional delegates that the state still needs to plan for a future that includes a strong, diversified energy industry, good-paying jobs and most of all, clean air.There’s no reason to delay, and every reason to move forward with urgency. Montanans’ health depends on it.Just this month, the U.S. Global Change Research Program released a new report that links the effects of climate change with public health, and noted that if things don’t change, Montana can expect to see more drought, soil erosion and dust activity, for instance. The report, “The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment,” connects these outcomes to human activities including agriculture, livestock grazing, irrigation and the like.It also, of course, notes that Montana can expect more wildfires and more smoke – and therefore, poorer air quality.In Missoula and Ravalli counties, poor air quality is particularly concerning. Although Missoula has made some headway thanks to local standards, it is still losing ground and its air quality continues to receive the poorest possible grade from the American Lung Association.The American Lung Association will be releasing its annual State of the Air report later this month. Last year’s report, which studied the years 2011-2013, showed that hotter, drier summers – with their more frequent, more intense wildfires – were responsible for increased particle pollution in places like Missoula and Ravalli counties. In Missoula County, for example, 86 percent of the poor air quality days were directly attributed to wildfire smoke.Consequently, Missoulians can expect to see more cases of chronic illness and respiratory disease. Children and the elderly, pregnant women, and people with heart or lung disease are especially vulnerable. Climate change is even extending the allergy season, including more – and more potent – airborne allergens.County-level air quality standards are effective, but they can only go so far. Montana must join the national push to mitigate wildfires by curbing greenhouse gas emissions, and it can accomplish this by dramatically reducing the use of coal as an energy source.And then what? Montana must continue to hold a statewide discussion that focuses on replacing polluting energy sources with cleaner ones, making use of new energy technologies and training a workforce equipped to overcome the inevitable challenges of such a massive transition.Recent polling data shows Montana residents want to do something about climate change, but are skeptical of the Clean Power Plan. A poll released last month by the University of Montana and Stanford University found that 54 percent of Montanans agree that climate change’s effect “pose a serious problem for the state.” And a whopping 71 percent would prefer to see the state “develop its own plan to reduce emissions” instead of allowing the federal government to call the shots.Montanans can already see that climate change is costing us immensely, and we shouldn’t wait to begin taking steps to reduce that threat by implementing our own standards. Bullock ought to reconvene the Clean Power Plan advisory council, and direct the group to continue working on this issue.The council should be given the support to continue to develop state-level solutions to the global problem of climate change.Montanans may remain divided on the Clean Power Plan, whether to lend public support to propping up Colstrip and, if so, how far to go. Regardless of those divisions, it would be wise to keep in mind that we all breathe the same air.Missoulian Editorial: Return focus to clean energy, healthy air Editorial: ‘We All Breathe the Same Air’
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Topics : Kim’s seaside compound in Wonsan, on the country’s east coast, is dotted with guest villas and serviced by a private beach, basketball court, and private train station, according to experts and satellite imagery. An airstrip was bulldozed last year to build a horse riding track, while a boathouse nearby shelters Kim’s Princess 95 luxury yacht, valued at around $7 million in 2013.”It’s one of his favorite houses,” said Michael Madden, a North Korea leadership expert at the US-based Stimson Center, who has compared Kim’s affinity for Wonsan to US President Donald Trump’s favored resort, Mar-a-Lago in Florida.Madden said Kim is believed to have about 13 significant compounds around the country, though he appears to only regularly use about half of them.”All of them are set up to serve as the leader’s headquarters, so they are all equipped for him to run the country,” he said.Wonsan is one of the larger and better appointed compounds, but it also has a useful location that allows Kim to easily travel to other areas along the coast, or return quickly to Pyongyang in his private train or along a special highway designated for use only by the Kim family or top officials, Madden said.Favored spot Wonsan also holds symbolic power for the Kim dynasty: It was there Kim Il Sung, who helped found North Korea at the end of Japanese colonial rule in 1945, first landed with Soviet troops to take over the country.Wonsan is believed by some experts to be Kim Jong Un’s birthplace, partly because he spent his early years at the family’s palace there, although official history has never confirmed where he was born.The Japanese chef Kenji Fujimoto, who worked for the Kims and visited Wonsan, recounted in his memoirs how a young Kim Jong Un described rollerblading, playing basketball, riding jet skis and playing in the pool at the compound.Later, photos showed Kim sipping drinks there with American basketball player Dennis Rodman when the star visited North Korea in 2013.The Wonsan area has also become emblematic of Kim’s strategy for survival based on a combination of economic development, tourism, and nuclear weapons. He is rebuilding the city of 360,000 people and wants to turn it into a billion-dollar tourist hotspot.In recent months, the project has been repeatedly delayed, undermined in part by international sanctions imposed over the North’s nuclear and missile programs, which have restricted its ability to seek foreign investment.Wonsan has also been the scene of some of Kim’s renewed military drills and missile tests, which he resumed amid increasing frustration with a lack of progress in denuclearization talks with the United States and South Korea. Satellite imagery showing recent movements of luxury boats often used by North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and his entourage near Wonsan provide further indications he has been at the coastal resort, according to experts who monitor the reclusive regime.Speculation about Kim’s health and location erupted after his unprecedented absence from April 15 celebrations to mark the birthday of his late grandfather and North Korea’s founder, Kim Il Sung.On Tuesday, North Korea-monitoring website NK PRO reported commercial satellite imagery showed boats often used by Kim had made movements in patterns that suggested he or his entourage may be in the Wonsan area. That followed a report last week by a US-based North Korea monitoring project, 38 North, which reported satellite images showed what was believed to be Kim’s personal train was parked at a station reserved for his use at the villa in Wonsan.Officials in South Korea and the United States say it is plausible Kim may be staying there, possibly to avoid exposure to the new coronavirus, and have expressed skepticism of media reports he had some kind of serious illness.They caution, however, that Kim’s health and location are closely guarded secrets and reliable information is difficult to obtain in North Korea.The last time official media in North Korea reported on Kim’s whereabouts was when he presided over a meeting on April 11, but there have been near-daily reports of him sending letters and diplomatic messages.
This four-bedroom house at 132 Turner Rd, Kedron, sold at auction for $1.15m at the weekend.Selling agent Brooke Copping of Ray White Wilston said the four-bedroom, two-bathroom property at 132 Turner Road attracted five registered bidders, with bidding opening at $800,000.“The large block size is unusual for the area and the family that bought it from the Sunshine Coast really appreciated the charm and the character,” Ms Copping said. Hannah Perry at her Red Hill home, which sold at auction on Saturday. Image: AAP/John Gass.About 70 people gathered in the property’s backyard to watch as 10 registered bidders fought for a cute, two-bedroom cottage on a small 253 sqm block at 17 Ella St, Red Hill at the weekend.Bidding opened at $670,000 and the house was put on the market at $840,000 before three bidders pushed the sale price to $865,000.Selling agent Judi O’Dea of Ray White Paddington said the buyer was a local couple with a toddler who were first home buyers. Ms O’Dea said she had about 20 cash unconditional buyers on her books looking for an inner-city cottage under $1 million in Brisbane.More from newsParks and wildlife the new lust-haves post coronavirus11 hours agoNoosa’s best beachfront penthouse is about to hit the market11 hours agoIn Kedron, a Spanish mission inspired home sold for $1.15 million under the hammer on Saturday. This three-bedroom house at 8 Bramston Tce, Herston, sold under the hammer for $1.01m on Saturday.Also on the northside, a four-bedroom renovated house at 83 Vardon St, Wilston, sold for $1.9 million at auction through Place Estate Agents.A three-bedroom, one-bathroom house at 23 Mein Street, Hendra, sold under the hammer for $790,000, after attracting five registered bidders and a “little worse for wear” three-bedder at 8 Bramston Tce, Herston, was sold at auction for $1.01 million after ten registered bidders vied for the inner-city property. This two-bedroom cottage at 17 Ella St, Red Hill, sold for $865,000.“They have been bidding at my auctions and missed out on at least two other opportunities, so I was working with them and standing over them and making them bid strongly,” Ms O’Dea said.“I said to them; ‘You will lose out again unless you give me a strong bid!’“I think a lot of buyers at the moment have to experience an auction for themselves to realise that anything sub $1 million is very hotly contested and they have to be strong.” MORE: HAMMER TIME FOR BRISBANE SELLERS This huge home at 83 Vardon St, Wilston, sold for $1.9m at auction on Saturday.On the southside, a five-bedroom family home at 9 Preston Court, Calamvale, sold under the hammer for $724,000 after attracting six registered bidders and about 40 bids.It was marketed by Cindy Kuang and John Heng of Place – Sunnybank. This three-bedroom house at 23 Mein St, Hendra, sold under the hammer for $790,000 on Saturday.“The market is really good at the moment with heaps of people through the opens, so I’d urge anyone thinking of selling to take advantage and put your home on the market now.“Great properties will demand a really great price, and when you have a full marketing suite that includes online and print advertising, that’s a recipe for success.” Brisbane’s auction market had a strong weekend, with home buyers out in force.BRISBANE’S auction market is on fire, with spring selling season kicking in early at the weekend as 25 per cent more homes sold under the hammer than this time last year.According to preliminary figures from CoreLogic, Brisbane reported a clearance rate of 67.7 per cent with 94 properties going to auction across the city and buyers out in force.That’s significantly higher than the same period last year when the clearance rate was only 41.8 per cent. RELATED: AMA BOSS AND TV DOCTOR SELLING BRISBANE INVESTMENT Chief auctioneer for Ray White Queensland, Mitch Peereboom. Image: AAP, John Gass.Ray White Queensland chief auctioneer Mitch Peereboom said it was a strong auction weekend for the state with multiple properties and multiple registered bidders.“It was a strong day in particular for the unit market with a number of excellent results and that really shows the confidence buyers have in the unit market,” Mr Peereboom said.
Liverpool have travelled to the United States in three of the four summers where Jurgen Klopp has been at the helm, after taking part in a handful of local friendlies. In the states, the Reds have played in lucrative friendlies against teams like Dortmund and AC Milan, and visited cities including New York and Boston. Liverpool had plans to shelve a long-distance trip to USA this summer and only take part in friendlies in Europe. However, this has yet to be finalised by the Liverpool top brass.Advertisement Promoted ContentThe World’s Most Desirable Fruit – Pink Pineapple9 Facts You Should Know Before Getting A Tattoo10 Legendary Movies To Learn History FromContemplate Life At These 10 Stargazing LocationsThis Guy Photoshopped Himself Into Celeb Pics And It’s HystericalA Soviet Shot Put Thrower’s Record Hasn’t Been Beaten To This DayThe Best Cars Of All TimeBirds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For ThemFascinating Ceilings From Different Countries6 Great Ancient Mysteries That Make China Worth Visiting8 Scenes That Prove TV Has Gone Too FarWho Earns More Than Ronaldo? Loading… Liverpool’s plans for a pre-season tour this summer could be influenced by the club’s new mega-money kit deal with Nike. Liverpool have travelled to the United States in three of the four summers where Jurgen Klopp has been at the helm, after taking part in a handful of local friendlies. In the states, the Reds have played in lucrative friendlies against teams like Dortmund and AC Milan, and visited cities including New York and Boston. Read Also:Mohamed Salah’s agent yet to conclude on Liverpool star’s participation in 2020 Olympic Games Liverpool had plans to shelve a long-distance trip to USA this summer and only take part in friendlies in Europe. However, this has yet to be finalised by the Liverpool top brass. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Liverpool’s plans for a pre-season tour this summer could be influenced by the club’s new mega-money kit deal with Nike.
LONDON (Reuters) – The use of the Video Assisted Referee (VAR) in the Premier League has been vindicated despite several controversial decisions and criticism from fans and pundits, the system’s chief Neil Swarbrick said on Monday.Speaking to the media after the latest round of matches in which Sheffield United had a goal disallowed for offside against Tottenham Hotspur and Manchester City were denied a penalty for handball against Liverpool, Swarbrick defended the technology.“We are in the infancy with VAR, 12 match weeks into the Premier League season, and you need to give us time to operate and utilise it,” he told Sky Sports. “It is working as we wanted. It’s taken quite a few years for other competitions or sports – the likes of cricket and rugby union – to get to where they are today regarding technology. It doesn’t happen overnight.”VAR was introduced in the Premier League this season after trials in the League Cup and FA Cup. Asked by the BBC how he would rate the use of VAR on a scale of one to 10, Swarbrick said: “I’d give us around about seven-ish. We have more decisions correct with VAR than without it.“If the mark now is seven – early days – in two years’ time I’m hoping for maybe an eight and a half or nine. “We are open to evolving with this – it’s not a case of we’re not budging. We will listen to feedback and where we can improve things, we will do.” Some pundits were less enthralled with the system which has also infuriated fans around the world, mostly for decision-making delays which take up to several minutes.Former Chelsea striker Chris Sutton was one of the system’s harshest critics. “Seven out of 10? Did he really say that with a straight face? Come on, are you serious?” Sutton told the BBC.“There have been so many high-profile, horrific mistakes. They’ve got too much wrong. I wanted VAR to work, I backed VAR, but they are making such a mess of it.”Former England goalkeeper Paul Robinson also pulled no punches in criticising VAR.“It’s been a bit of a disaster,” he said. It’s still a matter of opinion because it doesn’t clear up a clear and obvious error, It’s just someone else’s opinion. “It’s been a complete mess from day one and it’s caused more problems than it’s worth.”