Originally published Nov 27, 2018 7:00:00 AM, updated July 24 2019 Writing Skills Talking to someone who constantly jumps from one unrelated topic to the next is a strange experience. The entire conversation seems random and unfocused, which makes it hard to stay engaged, and easy to say, “I gotta go”.Needless to say, it’s annoying to talk to people who try to engage you with choppy conversations — and it’s just as irritating in writing. If you abruptly hop from one point to another, you’ll throw your readers off and confuse them, increasing the likelihood that they’ll abandon your piece.To avoid losing your audience’s attention when moving from one point to another, you need to weave your ideas and thoughts together with transitions. These logical connections between different sections in your writing give your audience a train of thought to follow, boosting the odds that they’ll pay their undivided attention to your piece.To help you thread your writing together and better engage an audience, we’ve compiled a list of the best transition words and phrases to include in your pieces. Whether you want to know the best transitions for linking separate paragraphs together or ending paragraphs with an emotional punch, we’ve listed some effective options below.Download 6 Free Blog Post Templates NowThe Professional Writer’s List of Transition Words and PhrasesAdditional EvidenceTo bolster your ideas with additional support or information, consider using the following transitions:AlsoTooAndAs well asAnotherIn additionEven moreEquallyLet aloneHere’s an example of this type of transition in use:“Early adopters can provide a lot of helpful feedback about a product’s or technology’s pros and cons. They also inject these companies with revenue that funds the research and development needed to enhance the product or technology enough to gain widespread adoption.”ComparisonTo compare multiple thoughts or ideas, consider using the following transitions:SimilarlyJust likeLikewiseBy the same tokenIn a similar fashionHere’s an example of this type of transition in use:“Just like Facebook Instant Articles, which lets users read articles without leaving Facebook’s mobile app, Google will host AMP pages on its own servers and serve up the content directly on its site.”ContrastTo contrast multiple ideas or thoughts, consider using the following transitions:On the other handAt the same timeAlthoughAlbeitEven thoughEven soIn spite ofDespiteThat saidGrantedRegardlessAdmittedlyInsteadButHoweverThoughStillYetWhileWhereasOtherwiseHere’s an example of this type of transition in use:“As jobs become more specialized in today’s workforce, it seems logical to hone a specific skill set, especially during school. But only learning the skills that match the exact requirements of a job today might not prepare you for your job tomorrow.”TimeTo describe something that happened, happens, or will happen during a certain time frame, consider using the following transitions:PreviouslyBack thenNowadaysTodaySometimesOnceThis timeDuringImmediatelyNextThenFollowingSoonWhileMeanwhileSimultaneouslyHere’s an example of this type of transition in use:“Nowadays, writing a letter can seem completely archaic. I mean, do people even send mail anymore? Or do they only communicate through email and messaging?”ConcurrentTo describe two things happening at the same time, consider using the following transitions:WhileMeanwhileSimultaneouslyHere’s an example of this type of transition in use:“Clifford sat alone and depressed in detention. Meanwhile, his friends were having a blast playing football at the common ground.”ClarificationTo spell out a complicated concept, consider using the following transitions:In other wordsTo clarifyTo rephraseTo put it another wayThat isActuallyHere’s an example of this type of transition in use:“The term “Bitcoin mining” is really just a clever metaphor for the intricate proof-of-work system that gives people bitcoins in exchange for validating the cryptocurrency’s transactions. In other words, the reason why people mine Bitcoin and how they actually do it is complicated.”ExemplificationTo help your readers grasp an abstract concept, try using the following transitions to provide them with a concrete example:To illustrateTo demonstrateFor instanceFor exampleHere’s an example of this type of transition in use:“Even if experiences end like your relationships with material objects do, they’ll always be a part of your story, allowing you to bond with other people who’ve shared similar experiences. For instance, who do you think you’ll connect with on a deeper level — someone who also studied abroad in Scotland during college or someone who wears the same Apple Watch as you?”IdentificationTo highlight a distinct attribute of your idea or thought, consider using the following transitions:SpecificallyEspeciallyParticularlyIncludingHere’s an example of this type of transition in use:“If brands truly want to rise from the ashes of the retail apocalypse, they must stay laser-focused on adapting to the evolution of this technology and their customers’ preferences. More specifically, they need to embrace change and prepare for the upcoming trends that will transform their industry in 2019.”EmphasisTo emphasize a thought or idea you just previously stated, consider using the following transitions:In factOf courseSurelyCertainlyIndeedEvenTrulyMore importantlyHere’s an example of this type of transition in use:“When the World Wide Web launched in 1991, most people thought it would fizzle out in a few years. Experts considered it to be a shiny, new fad that no one was really using. In fact, only six countries in the world had more than one internet user per 100 people that year.”CauseTo spotlight the root cause of something happening, consider using the following transitions:BecauseDue toSinceAsHere’s an example of this type of transition in use:“Strong call-to-actions are a crucial element of a persuasive business letter — because if you don’t tell your reader what to do next, you might as well have never written your letter in the first place.”EffectTo call attention to the consequence of the root cause of something, consider using the following transitions:SoAs a resultThereforeSubsequentlyConsequentlyHere’s an example of this type of transition in use:“A lot of professionals overlook the importance of writing high-quality business letters because they seem outdated. As a result, most people don’t actually know how to write one.”ReferenceTo flow from one related topic to another, try referencing the previous topic by using the following transitions:With this in mindAs forOn the subject ofConsideringConcerningRegardingHere’s an example of this type of transition in use:“Inlinking with clear, concise, and relevant anchor text can reinforce the topical connection between certain posts in Google’s eyes and help all of those posts rank better. With this in mind, anchor text is nothing to gloss over, so let’s learn more about what exactly anchor text is, why it’s important, and the different types of anchor text.”Summary/ConclusionTo summarize or conclude a paragraph, consider using the following transitions:In a nutshellIn sumTo put it brieflyAltogetherAfter allUltimatelyHere’s an example of this type of transition in use:“Traveling make you more open to new experiences, which increases your willingness to try new things in the future. It also increases your brain’s capacity and attentiveness in future situations that are new and challenging. In a nutshell, traveling strengthens your desire and ability to learn new skills.” Topics: Don’t forget to share this post!
He also pushed back against reports casting the process as arbitrary, sloppy and rife for successful legal challenges.In one alleged example of haphazard policy-making, a report this week said the president raised the tariff rates for branding purposes, increasing them from the 24 and 7 per cent recommended by the Department of Commerce — because he wanted nice, round numbers.The official insisted that was untrue. He said it was only upon careful calculation of import effects that the numbers landed at 25 per cent and 10 per cent. He did not explain how those round numbers managed to survive intact, even after the formula was later upended by the exclusion from tariffs of major suppliers.Canada is the No. 1 seller of both steel and aluminum to the U.S.The fact that Canada might be included on the initial hit list had become a political sore spot for the administration, as U.S. critics of the move ridiculed it by zeroing on the idea of national-security tariffs against a peaceful next-door neighbour and defence ally.A full-court diplomatic press unfolded in recent days, with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau calling Trump earlier this week, and then speaking Thursday with the Republican leaders of both the House of Representatives and the Senate.Canada’s ambassador to Washington dined this week with U.S. national-security adviser H.R. McMaster; Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland, Natural Resources Minister Jim Carr, Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan, and Transport Minister Marc Garneau all reached out to cabinet counterparts in recent days.The lobbying found a mostly receptive audience: the U.S. military strongly resisted tariffs against allies, and 107 congressional Republicans released a letter this week to express their alarm over the move.Expect a low-key response from Canada if Trump indeed intends to use temporary tariff relief as a bargaining threat. That means no talk of walking away from the table, nor any hint of making concessions under pressure.“Our position hasn’t and won’t change,” one Canadian source said Thursday. “We’re after a good deal, not any deal. We’ll take no deal rather than a bad one.”global steel and aluminum imports with tariffs of 25 and 10 per cent. They go into effect in 15 days. WASHINGTON — Canada can breathe easier, for now: It’s getting relief from U.S. tariffs for an undetermined period, as one of only two countries receiving a provisional exemption from the steel and aluminum penalties set to clobber the rest of the world.U.S. President Donald Trump signed proclamations Thursday slapping tariffs of 25 per cent on steel and 10 per cent on aluminum, and they snap into effect for the rest of the world in 15 days.After months of frantic lobbying, diplomatic arm-twisting, and heated debates within his own administration, Trump is signing the proclamations at the White House, surrounded by steelworkers.“For now, Canada and Mexico will be excluded from the tariffs,” said a senior White House official. “But it’s not open-ended.”Trump’s ‘ridiculous’ steel tariffs will only hurt U.S jobs and industry, Linamar CEO says‘Nobody wins’: Europe, IMF urge Trump to step back from trade warGary Cohn quits as Trump economic adviser, having lobbied hard against controversial tariffsHe sidestepped the question of whether the threat of tariffs will be used to bully Canada and Mexico at the NAFTA bargaining table. Speaking on condition of anonymity in order to discuss matters before they became public, he said only that the reprieve remains in place for now, and that NAFTA is important to economic and national security.That retains the semblance of a legal fig leaf for the administration.By law, the tariffs need to be described as a national security matter. A provision in a 1962 U.S. law allows the president to set emergency tariffs as a security issue. But the White House has repeatedly undermined its own legal case, including by intimating that the tariffs would be lorded over Canada and Mexico as some kind of negotiating tool to extract NAFTA concessions.The White House is now avoiding that kind of talk: ”We will have ongoing discussions with Canada and Mexico,” said the official. ”NAFTA discussions will be part of that only because NAFTA is an important part of the security relationship within the hemisphere.”For now, Canada and Mexico will be excluded from the tariffs. But it’s not open-endedsenior White House official In a media briefing, he expressed frustration at the way the tariffs have been characterized, referring repeatedly to the “fake news,” the lobbyists and the “swamp things” that he said exaggerated the ill effects while fighting the measures.Two polls released this week say the tariffs are unpopular.But the same official said it truly is a matter of national security — with six U.S. aluminum smelters shutting down the last few years, and just five remaining, and only two operating at full capacity, he said that leaves the U.S. at risk of having to import all its aluminum eventually.“(This tariff-signing) should be a great day for America,” he said.U.S. President Donald Trump holds up a proclamation on aluminum during an event in the Roosevelt Room of the White House in Washington, Thursday, March 8, 2018. He also signed one for steel. Susan Walsh/AP Photo